Saturnalia

Joylina Goodings

Saturnalia was an ancient Roman festival in honour of the god Saturn, held on 17 December of our current Julian calendar and later the festivities were expanded through to 23 December. The holiday was celebrated with a sacrifice at the Temple of Saturn, and then a public

banquet, which was followed by private gift-giving. It was marked by tomfoolery and reversal of social roles, in which slaves and masters ostensibly switched places. This festival overturned Roman social norms as gambling was also permitted, 

 

In Roman mythology, Saturn was an agricultural deity who was said to have reigned over the world in the Golden Age, when humans enjoyed the spontaneous bounty of the earth without labor in a state of innocence. The revelries of Saturnalia were supposed to reflect the conditions of the lost mythical age, not all of them desirable. The Greek equivalent was the Kronia.[3]This was the popular feast commemorating the dedication of the temple of the god Saturn.